Nitrocellulose is a substance that is derived from algae and plants. It is the most abundant organic polymer on earth and is used for a wide variety of different applications. Since the mid-19th century, cellulose-derived products have been used in a variety of industries including explosives, clothing, and photography. Alexander Parkes was the first to produce nitrocellulose. This material is similar to trinitrotoluene, the chemical that gives dynamite its explosive properties.
Nitrocellulose paints are fast drying organic finishes. Their ease of detailing and retouching makes them ideal for fine carpentry and joinery work. They are also the perfect choice for wood surfaces and finishes. They are also used in aviation for waterproofing and strengthening tarpaulins, which are common in aircraft construction and maintenance.
Nitrocellulose paints are made by dissolving nitrocellulose in a solvent, which may be a naphtha, xylene, acetone, or a variety of ketones. Other materials may be added to improve the durability of the finish. Once the nitrocellulose has cured, the solvent evaporates almost immediately, leaving a thin layer of solids. Subsequent coats will melt the previous layer, making the surface even more scratch-resistant.
Nitrocellulose paints are more resistant to moisture than their acrylic counterparts, but they may not be able to stand the harsh effects of the same exposure. They are also more difficult to spot-repair compared to lacquer, which is made from a natural substance. As a result, they may not be a first choice for aircraft painting, but they are a viable option for high-end work.
Nitrocellulose lacquer is a great choice for finishing interior wood. While this type of finish isn't suited for outdoor use, it is easy to apply, is relatively inexpensive, and dries quickly. It also blends well with previous coats.
Nitrocellulose is a highly flammable compound that is made from cellulose by nitrating it. This process requires the use of a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid. It was initially used as guncotton for propellant in firearms. However, its high flammability has limited its uses.
Nitrocellulose has many uses in the modern world. It can be found as thin sheets or as a thick liquid. It is used in the production of smokeless gun powder, rocket propellant, inks, and resins. It has even been used as an embedding material for microscopy.
Nitrocellulose is also used for various medical purposes. It is also used in the production of collodion, which is produced by the nitrocellulose solution dissolved in organic solvents. The substance was first used in the Crimean War, and is still used for topical applications. It is one of the ingredients in Compound W wart remover. In addition to these uses, nitrocellulose is also used in the production of magicion paper. Magicion paper is a type of nitrocellulose sheet that burns instantly. The material is also used in radon tests and cryptographic one-time pads.
Another use for nitrocellulose paper is in fireworks. It can be used as a cover or background for stage fireworks. It can also be used to make fireworks that have a dreamlike effect. By using nitrocellulose paper as a caption paper, fireworks can create an ethereal effect.
Empyrion nitrocellulose is a bio-based material that can be used as a biofuel. This substance is obtained by using the remains of wood logs. One plant of this type can produce 56 gallons of biofuel, which is enough to fill a small HV fuel tank. Another plant can produce 11,520 gallons of Nitrocellulose, enough to produce 201,600 rounds of 30mm ammo. Ideally, plant fiber would produce 2x to 4x more biofuel, with the same amount of Carbon Substrate and 5x less Nitrocellulose.